Non-Vitamines

A group of substances which are said to have vitamin-like effects but which are not normally essential, or whose endogenous synthesis is sufficient under normal circumstances, or which do not occur naturally in the human body.

Bioflavonoids

„Vitamin P”

Bioflavonoide

Not naturally occurring in the organism; may have protective effects in dietary doses.

Carnitin

„Vitamin Br

Carnitin

C7H15NO3 (MW: 161.20)

Normally adequate self-synthesis.
Involved in the transport of long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane.

Laetril

„Vitamin B17

(L)-Mandelonitril-β-glucuronoside

Laetril

C14H18O7 (MW: 298.29)

Not naturally occurring in the body; benefit doubtful.

α-Lipoic acid

α-Liponsäure

Reduced form: C8H16O2S2 (MW: 208.38); Oxidised form: C8H14O2S2 (MW: 206.33)

Normally adequate self-synthesis. Sometimes useful in diabetic neuropathy.

Methylmethionine sulphonium chloride

„Vitamin U”

Methylmethionin-sulfoniumchlorid

C6H15Cl2NO2S (MW: 236.16)

Normally adequate self-synthesis.

Orotic acid

„Vitamin B13

Orotsäure

C5H4N2O4 (MW: 156.10)

Not naturally occurring in the body; benefit doubtful.

Pangamic acid

„Vitamin B15

Pangamsäure

C20H42N2O6 (MW: 406.56)

Not naturally occurring in the body; suspected of being carcinogenic!

Ubichinone / Coenzyme Q

Ubichinon / Coenzym Q

Normally adequate self-synthesis.